3. It also gave us some of the best slang of the 20th century.Can you dig it? smackers/smackeroos = pounds (or dollars) - in recent times not usually used in referring to a single £1 or a low amount, instead usually a hundred or several hundreds, but probably not several thousands, when grand would be preferred. More rarely from the early-mid 1900s fiver could also mean five thousand pounds, but arguably it remains today the most widely used slang term for five pounds. Yennep backslang seems first to have appeared along with the general use of backslang in certain communities in the 1800s. Cockney rhyming slang, from 'poppy red' = bread, in turn from 'bread and honey' = money. For example 'Lend us twenty sovs..' Sov is not generally used in the singular for one pound. Historically bob was slang for a British shilling (Twelve old pence, pre-decimalisation - and twenty shillings to a pound). nevis/neves = seven pounds (£7), 20th century backslang, and earlier, 1800s (usually as 'nevis gens') seven shillings (7/-). It would seem that the 'biscuit' slang term is still evolving and might mean different things (£100 or £1,000) to different people. Given that backslang is based on phonetic word sound not spelling, the conversion of shilling to generalize is just about understandable, if somewhat tenuous, and in the absence of other explanation is the only known possible derivation of this odd slang. The pronunciation emphasis tends to be on the long second syllable 'aah' sound. Simply derived from the expression 'ready cash'. Cockney - Translation to Spanish, pronunciation, and forum discussions. shekels/sheckles = money. Trump to leave D.C. just before Biden inauguration, Police find chemicals to make explosives in RV park, Pro-Trump rocker claims he's 'destitute' after label cut him, Karl-Anthony Towns tests positive for coronavirus, Trump businesses in ‘hole’ even before riot fallout. (Thanks R Bambridge). A 'flo' is the slang shortening, meaning two shillings. boodle = money. biscuit = £100 or £1,000. madza caroon = half-a-crown (2/6) from the mid 1800s. Decimal 1p and 2p coins were also 97% copper (technically bronze - 97% copper, 2.5% zinc, 0.5% tin ) until replaced by copper-plated steel in 1992, which amusingly made them magnetic. From the 1900s, simply from the word 'score' meaning twenty, derived apparently from the ancient practice of counting sheep in lots of twenty, and keeping tally by cutting ('scoring') notches into a stick. Not normally pluralised, still expressed as 'squid', not squids, e.g., 'Fifty squid'. Equivalent to 10p - a tenth of a pound. Ned was traditionally used as a generic name for a man around these times, as evidenced by its meaning extending to a thuggish man or youth, or a petty criminal (US), and also a reference (mainly in the US) to the devil, (old Ned, raising merry Ned, etc). We give you the top tips you'll need to speak genuine cockney like a proper Londoner! An example of erroneous language becoming real actual language through common use. oncer = (pronounced 'wunser'), a pound , and a simple variation of 'oner'. (Thanks Simon Ladd, Jun 2007), coppers = pre-decimal farthings, ha'pennies and pennies, and to a lesser extent 1p and 2p coins since decimalisation, and also meaning a very small amount of money. It never really caught on and has died out now...". If your knowledge of slang words from the 1960s is limited to what you remember from Austin Powers movies, it's time to give yourself a refresher course in the grooviest, most outta sight slang from that bygone era of bell bottoms and mop-tops. Welcome to 1960s Slang. 10 Republicans voted in the house against the president. A clodhopper is old slang for a farmer or bumpkin or lout, and was also a derogatory term used by the cavalry for infantry foot soldiers. (Thanks L Cunliffe). This was also a defensive or retaliatory remark aimed at those of middle, higher or profesional classes who might look down on certain 'working class' entrepreneurs or traders. According to Cassells chip meaning a shilling is from horse-racing and betting. A short history of Cockney slang. ten bob bit = fifty pence piece (50p). Popularity is supported (and probably confused also) with 'lingua franca' medza/madza and the many variations around these, which probably originated from a different source, namely the Italian mezzo, meaning half (as in madza poona = half sovereign). Once the issue of silver threepences in the United Kingdom had ceased there was a tendency for the coins to be hoarded and comparatively few were ever returned to the Royal Mint. English slang referenced by Brewer in 1870, origin unclear, possibly related to the Virgin Mary, and a style of church windows featuring her image. Interestingly mill is also a non-slang technical term for a tenth of a USA cent, or one-thousandth of a dollar, which is an accounts term only - there is no coinage for such an amount. Also relates to (but not necessairly derived from) the expression especially used by children, 'dibs' meaning a share or claim of something, and dibbing or dipping among a group of children, to determine shares or winnings or who would be 'it' for a subsequent chasing game.  Conversely, migration of Cockney speakers has led to migration of the dialect. South African tickey and variations - also meaning 'small' - are first recorded in the 19th century from uncertain roots (according to Partridge and Cassells) - take your pick: African distorted interpretation of 'ticket' or 'threepenny'; from Romany tikeno and tikno (meaning small); from Dutch stukje (meaning a little bit); from Hindustani taka (a stamped silver coin); and/or from early Portuguese 'pataca' and French 'patac' (meaning what?.. Giants owner: I wasn't aware of Boebert's QAnon support, Company's single-dose vaccine deemed 'promising', Woman arrested in Capitol riot: 'I listen to my president', Shelton claps back at critics of 'Minimum Wage', Russia makes military move with Biden set to take office. deuce = two pounds, and much earlier (from the 1600s) tuppence (two old pence, 2d), from the French deus and Latin duos meaning two (which also give us the deuce term in tennis, meaning two points needed to win). The ones that most people used? In the late 1960s, the word “Jonesing” was invented to discuss the strong feeling of needing more heroin after taking one dose. Take a look for even more flashback slang from the 1950s, and be sure to let us know if we forgot any amazing words or phrases from the past that you loved. Crafty Cockneys! tom/tom mix = six pounds (£6), 20th century cockney rhyming slang, (Tom Mix = six). Back in this turbulent decade, you might expand upon the word "cool" with a word like "boss." Initially suggested (Mar 2007) by a reader who tells me that the slang term 'biscuit', meaning £100, has been in use for several years, notably in the casino trade (thanks E). gen = a shilling (1/-), from the mid 1800s, either based on the word argent, meaning silver (from French and Latin, and used in English heraldry, i.e., coats of arms and shields, to refer to the colour silver), or more likely a shortening of 'generalize', a peculiar supposed backslang of shilling, which in its own right was certainly slang for shilling, and strangely also the verb to lend a shilling. Dosh appears to have originated in this form in the US in the 19th century, and then re-emerged in more popular use in the UK in the mid-20th century. fiver = five pounds (£5), from the mid-1800s. Short for sovereigns - very old gold and the original one pound coins. A further suggestion (ack S Kopec) refers to sixpence being connected with pricing in the leather trade. Earlier English spelling was bunts or bunse, dating from the late 1700s or early 1800s (Cassells and Partridge). Social unrest, an unpopular war, civil rights abuses, growing drug usage and a general distrust of Government provided plenty to draw from for 1960s slang lingo. From the Hebrew word and Israeli monetary unit 'shekel' derived in Hebrew from the silver coin 'sekel' in turn from the word for weight 'sakal'. £2000. Slang money words, meanings and origins, ' K' entry on the cliches and words origins page, 'dip dip sky blue who's it not you' (the word 'you' meant elimination for the corresponding child), 'ibble-obble black bobble ibble obble out' ('out' meant elimination). Modern London slang. Brewer also references the Laird of Sillabawby, a 16th century mintmaster, as a possible origin. A fascinating offshoot of Cockney is Cockney rhyming slang, which typically consists of a phrase containing two nouns to form an idiom or metaphor that rhymes with the latter noun in the expre… Commonly used in speech as 'some silver' or 'any silver', for example: "Have you got any silver for the car-park?" groat = an old silver four-penny coin from around 1300 and in use in similar form until c.1662, although Brewer states in his late 1800s revised edition of his 1870 dictionary of slang that 'the modern groat was introduced in 1835, and withdrawn in 1887', which is somewhat confusing. Partridge doesn't say). sovs = pounds. From the fact that a ton is a measurement of 100 cubic feet of capacity (for storage, loading, etc). The term has since the early 1900s been used by bookmakers and horse-racing, where carpet refers to odds of three-to-one, and in car dealing, where it refers to an amount of £300. Tom Mix was a famous cowboy film star from 1910-1940. (Thanks M Johnson, Jan 2008). madza poona = half-sovereign, from the mid 1800s, for the same reasons as madza caroon. There are many different interpretations of boodle meaning money, in the UK and the US. I personally feel (and think I recall) there was some transference of the Joey slang to the sixpence (tanner) some time after the silver threepenny coin changed to the brass threepenny bit (which was during the 1930-40s), and this would have been understandable because the silver sixpence was similar to the silver threepence, albeit slightly larger. barnet = barnet fair = hair). Origins of dib/dibs/dibbs are uncertain but probably relate to the old (early 1800s) children's game of dibs or dibstones played with the knuckle-bones of sheep or pebbles. A lot of things in culture are cyclical. (Thanks R Maguire for prompting more detail for this one.). deep sea diver = fiver (£5), heard in use Oxfordshire (thanks Karen/Ewan) late 1990s, this is rhyming slang dating from the 1940s. Silver threepences were last issued for circulation in the United Kingdom in 1941 but the final pieces to be sent overseas for colonial use were dated 1944. nicker = a pound (£1). job = guinea, late 1600s, probably ultimately derived from from the earlier meaning of the word job, a lump or piece (from 14th century English gobbe), which developed into the work-related meaning of job, and thereby came to have general meaning of payment for work, including specific meaning of a guinea. caser/case = five shillings (5/-), a crown coin. Also expressed in cockney rhying slang as 'macaroni'. April: Noun. While the origins of these slang terms are many and various, certainly a lot of English money slang is rooted in various London communities, which for different reasons liked to use language only known in their own circles, notably wholesale markets, street traders, crime and the underworld, the docks, taxi-cab driving, and the immigrant communities. Brewer's dictionary of 1870 says that the American dollar is '..in English money a little more than four shillings..'. Very occasionally older people, students of English or History, etc., refer to loose change of a small amount of coin money as groats. The slang money expression 'quid' seems first to have appeared in late 1600s England, derived from Latin (quid meaning 'what', as in 'quid pro quo' - 'something for something else'). Usage: “Your bull just came by – he’s been looking for you.” China plate: Cockney rhyming slang for “mate”. In spoken use 'a garden' is eight pounds. Cassells says these were first recorded in the 1930s, and suggests they all originated in the US, which might be true given that banknotes arguably entered very wide use earlier in the US than in the UK. 'Half a job' was half a guinea. The Jack Horner nursery rhyme is seemingly based on the story of Jack Horner, a steward to the Bishop of Glastonbury at the time of the dissolution of the monasteries (16th century), who was sent to Henry VIII with a bribe consisting of the deeds to twelve important properties in the area. sobs = pounds. I am also informed (thanks K Inglott, March 2007) that bob is now slang for a pound in his part of the world (Bath, South-West England), and has also been used as money slang, presumably for Australian dollars, on the Home and Away TV soap series. He got my goat, I almost shouted at him in the street. jack = a pound, and earlier (from the 1600s), a farthing. Cassells implies an interesting possible combination of the meanings kibosh (18 month sentence), kibosh (meaning ruin or destroy) - both probably derived from Yiddish (Jewish European/Hebrew dialect) words meaning suppress - with the linking of money and hitting something, as in 'a fourpenny one' (from rhyming slang fourpenny bit = hit). Anglophenia. An 'oxford' was cockney rhyming slang for five shillings (5/-) based on the dollar rhyming slang: 'oxford scholar'. The series was made and aired originally between 1968 and 1980 and developed a lasting cult following, not least due to the very cool appeal of the McGarrett character. There is also a view that Joey transferred from the threepenny bit to the sixpence when the latter became a more usual minimum fare in London taxi-cabs. jacks = five pounds, from cockney rhyming slang: jack's alive = five. - Yiddish: the historical language of Ashkenazi Jews, based on German dialect with added words from Hebrew, Polish, French and English. No plural version; it was 'thirty bob' not 'thirty bobs'. Some think the root might be from Proto-Germanic 'skeld', meaning shield. London slang from the 1980s, derived simply from the allusion to a thick wad of banknotes. Nick Ratnieks suggests the tanner was named after a Master of the Mint of that name. For Terry's detailed and fascinating explanation of the history of K see the ' K' entry on the cliches and words origins page. The origin is almost certainly London, and the clever and amusing derivation reflects the wit of Londoners: Cockney rhyming slang for five pounds is a 'lady', (from Lady Godiva = fiver); fifteen pounds is three-times five pounds (3x£5=£15); 'Three Times a Lady' is a song recorded by the group The Commodores; and there you have it: Three Times a Lady = fifteen pounds = a commodore. The large Australian 'wonga' pigeon is almost certainly unrelated... yennep/yenep/yennap/yennop = a penny (1d particularly, although also means a decimal penny, 1p). 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